Darsonvalization is one of the electrical stimulation methods aimed to the treatment of some neurological, vascular, bone, skin and other diseases with the help of the darsonval device. This physical therapy effects tissues using short-term pulses of high frequency and voltage alternating current but of low power. As an additional therapeutic effect there are slight heat, infrared rays, low-frequency ultrasound and ozone appearing. Darsonvalization is always an auxiliary therapy, and indicated as a complementing action for strengthening of medical creams and ointments prescribed.
The therapeutic effect of the procedure arises due to electromagnetic oscillations inside the subcutaneous tissues, which arise from an electric charge applied to the surface of the skin. At the same time, blood circulation is strengthened - the outflow of venous blood and the influx of arterial blood increases. This significantly improves metabolic processes, increases the tone of muscles, tissues and venous walls, cells are saturated with oxygen, and their protective and regenerative properties are activated. Thanks to ozone, which is released between the device's electrode and the skin, it is observed a certain bactericidal effect affecting some types of microbes and fungi due to the high ozone's oxidizing properties.
Indications for the darsonval treatment
- In dermatology: eczema, ringworm, acne, neurodermatitis, psoriasis, lichen planus, warts, focal and systemic scleroderma, keloids, seborrhea, dandruff, baldness;
- Inflammatory processes and traumatic skin injuries: boils, bruises, hematomas, infiltrates and wounds, trophic ulcers, frostbite, burns;
- At muscles and tendons diseases: aponeurosis, myalgia, myositis, etc.;
- Joint diseases: polyarthritis, arthritis, spondyloarthrosis, etc.;
- Arteries and veins diseases: Raynaud's disease, varicose veins, obliterating endartenitis;
- Neurological diseases: neuritis and functional vegetative-vascular diseases;
- Prolonged and complicated diseases of the ENT: adenoiditis, sinusitis, sinusitis, allergic rhinitis.
- Local treatment of tissue and mucous membrane damage in gynecology, proctology, dentistry.
Contraindications to darsonval treatment
- psychoneurological diseases
- heart failure
- oncological diseases
- acute violation of cerebral circulation
- moles, papillomas, subcutaneous neoplasms at the place of application
How darsonvalization is carried out
Electrodes of darsonval are glass vacuum tubes, their shape depends on the place and scope of application. The skin must be cleaned of dirt and fat, if prescribed, a medical ointment or cream is used. There should be no metal objects and jewelry near the affected area. The doctor moves the electrode along the skin following body's massage lines.
There are two options for using the electrode are possible:
- contact, when the electrode touches the skin; the patient feels barely noticeable tingling and the sound of an electric discharge;
- at a distance, the electrode does not touch the skin, but is held 2-4 mm above the skin surface. One can see an electric discharge on the surface of the skin and hear the crackle of sparks, the patient feels significant irritation - tingling or burning. The intensity of the effect is regulated depending on the patient's perception, but is always kept at a perceptible and tolerable level.
The duration of the procedure varies from 2 to 20 minutes and depends on the therapeutic goals. The course of darsonval therapy can be perfomed daily or with breaks of 1-2 days, the number of procedures depends on the therapeutic effect and can be 3-30 procedures. For long courses and to consolidate the therapeutic effect, darsonvalization courses are conducted in series with a break of up to 2 weeks.
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